Peripheral neuropathy is a condition in which damage occurs to the nerves of the peripheral nervous system, producing numbness, tingling, and pain.
Peripheral neuropathy can be caused by a large number of medical and environmental conditions: these include metabolic diseases such as diabetes; Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus; Cacergic increments that applied pressure in surrounding nerve tissue; Viral or bacterial infections such as shingles; Toxicity of medication induced by chemotherapeutic agents or other medications; Exposure to environmental toxins such as pesticides; Physical trauma resulting in nerve damage; Repetitive movement disorders that compress the surrounding nerves such as carpal tunnel syndrome; And excessive alcohol consumption.
Treatments for peripheral neuropathy may target the underlying cause of nerve damage or associated pain symptoms. Treatments include a variety of medications and therapies.
Pain associated with peripheral neuropathy, which can affect a patient’s emotional and physical well-being, can be managed through several medications. In the early stages, patients may take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or other over-the-counter analgesics. However, these medications are not typically effective for more severe pain. In these cases, patients often find relief with antidepressant or antiepileptic medications, which interfere with the mechanisms of pain detection in the brain.
A topical cream containing capsaicin is also available to relieve pain symptoms. Capsicin is a natural substance found in chili peppers that blinds the sensation of pain and provides additional relief to localized regions of the body.
For patients suffering from autoimmune-induced neuropathy, immunosuppressive drugs such as prednisone may limit additional damage to the nerves.
It is crucial to point the underlying cause of peripheral nerve damage when treating neuropathy.
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of neuropathy, and proper administration of glucose levels is imperative for patients with this condition to prevent further damage.
Similarly, patients with autoimmune disorders may experience plasmapheresis, a therapy in which blood is removed from the body, filtered to remove antibodies and cells that trigger immune reactions, and is returned to the body.
A variety of medical therapies are used to treat neuropathic symptoms. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a therapy used to relieve pain symptoms.
TENS therapy uses electrodes and gentle electrical current to stimulate nerve endings in areas where pain occurs, blinding pain sensations of reaching the brain.
TENS are often used in conjunction with medications or other therapy. Physical therapy is often used to help patients with muscle weakness to regain strength and balance. Surgical therapy to relive nerve compression may be beneficial in some cases where localized damage occurs due to movement or repetitive damage.
There are also several lifestyle changes that a patient can perform to reduce existing symptoms or the potential for further nerve damage. These include eating a healthy diet, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and exercising regularly.
Exercise can strengthen muscles that have been weakened by motor neuropathy and balance and coordination of the increase.
Negative smoking affects the blood circulation that supplies the nerves and the consuming alcohol exacerbates nerve damage. Frequent visual inspections on the feet and hands can determine infections or excoriations that may go undetected due to lack of sensation. The supplement for nerve pain called Nerve Renew, which is always recommended by the doctors al over the glove to cure neuropathy.